Today at a special meeting in Zurich, the International FA Board agreed to the use of goal line technology.

It is a major change for the top levels of the game and two companies, Hawkeye and GoalRef, have met the initial criteria.

Both will be tested in the FIFA World Club Championship in Japan in December this year.

The decision is predictable but, at a cost of $250,000 per system, only the richest leagues or competitions will be able to afford it.

It will be available to the referee only to indicate whether a ball has crossed the goal line and will not be used for any other decisions such as offside or penalty kicks.

Also approved was the UEFA backed system of additional assistant referees on the goal line. The weaknesses in this system were shown when Ukraine was denied a goal when the ball crossed the line in the match against England but the additional assistant did not signal for a goal.

The UEFA system is more than just indicating whether or not the ball has gone into goal. It also gives the additional assistant the authority to communicate with the referee and inform him of incidents inside the penalty area.

This system will mostly be used at the top level in Europe and there seems little great enthusiasm for its introduction but it was the brainchild of Michel Platini the UEFA President who is against technology and wants to keep the human element in decision making.

It is unlikely that FIFA will use the system in the forthcoming FIFA World Club Championship, the Confederations Cup or the 2014 FIFA World Cup. It will concentrate on goal line technology.

Finally the IFAB did make a decision which will affect grassroots football when it allowed the wearing of headscarves by women players.

This is a major step forward for women’s football, especially in many parts of Asia.

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