The 2012 Annual General Meeting of the International FA Board in England on 3rd March has brought the introduction of goal line technology much nearer.

Two systems have been approved to move to the next stage of testing while another six have failed to meet the strict criteria set by the IFAB.

The two systems work on different principles. GoalRef, developed in Germany uses a magnetic field with a special ball to identify goal situations while the English Hawkeye system uses cameras.

The previous front runner, the Cairos/adidas chip in ball system, did not pass the first stage.

Stage two testing will take place between now and June and a final decision will be made in early July.

If a suitable system is approved it will be used in the 2014 FIFA world Cup in Brazil.

A decision will also be taken in June about the additional assistant experiment supported by UEFA President Michel Platini. From the comments made by FIFA President Sepp Blatter, recently, it is unlikely that the system will appear in Brazil, although it may continue in UEFA competitions.

If both systems pass the stage two test, it seems likely that the Hawkeye system would be introduced in the Premier League, probably in season 2013-14.

There could be some problems, however, in UEFA competitions if different systems are used in different countries or if some of the competing teams do not have a system installed at all.

The systems must be regularly calibrated to ensure complete accuracy and the expense of installation will limit their use for many clubs and competitions.

Most important for UEFA competitions, however, is the fact that its President is strongly opposed to the idea of using any form of goal line technology

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